Identification of dynamical Lie algebras for finite-level quantum control systems

S G Schirmer, I C H Pullen, A I Solomon
2002 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General  
The problem of identifying the dynamical Lie algebras of finite-level quantum systems subject to external control is considered, with special emphasis on systems that are not completely controllable. In particular, it is shown that the dynamical Lie algebra for an N-level system with equally spaced energy levels and uniform transition dipole moments, is a subalgebra for $so(N)$ if $N=2\ell+1$, and a subalgebra of $sp(\ell)$ if $N=2\ell$. General conditions for obtaining either $so(2\ell+1)$ or
more » ... r $so(2\ell+1)$ or $sp(\ell)$ are established.
doi:10.1088/0305-4470/35/9/319 fatcat:rqxwcqfc2bdyxg2q6pellolzxi