Almost-Linear-Time Weighted 𝓁_p-Norm Solvers in Slightly Dense Graphs via Sparsification

Deeksha Adil, Brian Bullins, Rasmus Kyng, Sushant Sachdeva, Nikhil Bansal, Emanuela Merelli, James Worrell
2021
We give almost-linear-time algorithms for constructing sparsifiers with n poly(log n) edges that approximately preserve weighted (𝓁²₂ + 𝓁^p_p) flow or voltage objectives on graphs. For flow objectives, this is the first sparsifier construction for such mixed objectives beyond unit 𝓁_p weights, and is based on expander decompositions. For voltage objectives, we give the first sparsifier construction for these objectives, which we build using graph spanners and leverage score sampling. Together
more » ... th the iterative refinement framework of [Adil et al, SODA 2019], and a new multiplicative-weights based constant-approximation algorithm for mixed-objective flows or voltages, we show how to find (1+2^{-poly(log n)}) approximations for weighted 𝓁_p-norm minimizing flows or voltages in p(m^{1+o(1)} + n^{4/3 + o(1)}) time for p = ω(1), which is almost-linear for graphs that are slightly dense (m ≥ n^{4/3 + o(1)}).
doi:10.4230/lipics.icalp.2021.9 fatcat:wxtvuhv6t5chfcvbdwqumiymy4