Cross-Cultural Factors That Influence Adjustment Process of International Students in Malaysian Public Universities

Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia
2020 International Journal of Business and Management  
International students' enrolment in higher education in Malaysia has expanded widely in scope, volume, and complexity, giving rise to a myriad of challenges and difficulties in their adjustment process, which have to be understood and addressed. In this study, the cross-cultural factors that influence psychological, sociocultural, and self-realization adjustments amongst international students studying in Malaysian public universities were examined. The purpose of this research was to gauge a
more » ... rch was to gauge a better understanding of the difficulties and challenges encountered by them when pursuing higher education opportunities in Malaysian public universities, and how they had managed to overcome the necessary adjustments. A research survey based on 31item questionnaires was formulated. Stratified random sampling methodology was adopted in the distribution of 250 questionnaires, with a total of 218 responses received. Data were coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences' software. The variables, socio-cultural adjustment, and self-realization adjustment showed negative correlations towards their adjustment process. The outcomes should enable university faculties and staff to recognize foreign students' needs, and effectively offer supportive campus resources and services to assist them in their adjustment process.
doi:10.26666/rmp.ijbm.2020.5.3 fatcat:7gceqtmbcfdxrhfm5dhfgd5zr4