PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA)

Jurnal Tepak, Manajemen Bisnis
2014 unpublished
This study was conducted to analyze the ratio of income tax revenue before and after the application of flat rate and the effect of change in tax rate on income tax due in oil palm sector in Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2007-2010. This study aims to determine the income tax revenue before flat rate, income tax revenue after a flat rate, whether there are differences in income tax revenue before and after the flat rate , and the effect of changes in the rate of income tax payable. The method used
more » ... le. The method used in this study is the method of independent sample t test to compare the income tax revenue before and after the application of flat rate. Then proceed with regression analysis to see the effect of changes in tax rates on income tax due. The results showed an increase in income tax revenue in 2007 and 2008 amounting to Rp2,149 billion. This increase was influenced by sunset policy (removal facilities tax penalties). Income Tax Receipts after application of flat rate is analyzed, namely in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. Income tax revenue increased to Rp30 billion in 2009, but in 2010 decreased by Rp758 billion, in 2011 again increased by Rp508 billion in 2012 and an increase of Rp461 billion. This is of course influenced by changes in the rates used. With the use of flat rate tax payers do not have to go through several layers of the rates adjusted by the amount of taxable income to calculate income tax due. So that taxpayers get the convenience and practicality that is expected to increase income tax revenue. The amount of taxes received prior to the application of flat rate would average Rp2.377,81 billion increased to Rp3.283,75 billion after the application of flat rate, an increase in income tax revenue amounting to Rp90,59 billion. Effect of change in tax rate to the income tax payable 0,000 is significantly smaller than 0.05 and the R value of 0,877. This is in accordance with program changes that are expected to increase the rate of income tax revenue. Latar Belakang Pajak merupakan suatu sumber utama pendapatan negara yang digunakan untuk membiayai pengeluaran negara, baik pengeluaran rutin maupun pengeluaran untuk pembangunan. Penerimaan pajak mempunyai peranan yang sangat dominan dalam pos pendapatan negara. Negara mempunyai kewajiban untuk memenuhi kepentingan rakyatnya dengan melaksanakan pembangunan. Untuk melaksanakan pembangunan, negara membutuhkan dana pembangunan yang tidak sedikit dimana kebutuhan dana pembangunan tersebut setiap tahun semakin meningkatseiring dengan peningkatan jumlah dan kebutuhan masyarakat. Maka dari itulah Suryadi (2006) mengemukakan bahwa "penerimaan pajak merupakan sumber pembiayaan negara dan dominan baik untuk belanja rutin maupun pembangunan". Dalam perkembangannya, selama ini lebih dari beberapa dasawarsa terakhir penerimaan dari sektor perpajakan mengalami perubahan yang selalu meningkat. Hingga saat ini lebih dari 70% Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN) didanai dari penerimaan sektor perpajakan. Penerimaan dari sektor perpajakan ini diharap mampu mengurangi ketergantungan dari utang luar negeri serta mampu membangkitkan kembali kepercayaan bangsa Indonesia diantara bangsa lain ANALISIS PERBANDINGAN PENERIMAAN PAJAK PENGHASILAN SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH PENERAPAN TARIF TUNGGAL DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PAJAK PENGHASILAN TERUTANG (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA PERUSAHAAN PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI BURSA EFEK INDONESIA)
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