Exactly solvable model of a wormhole supported by phantom energy

O. B. Zaslavskii
2005 Physical Review D  
We have found a simple exact solution of spherically-symmetrical Einstein equations describing a wormhole for an inhomogeneous distribution of the phantom energy. The equation of state is linear but highly anisotropic: while the radial pressure is negative, the transversal one is positive. At infinity the spacetime is not asymptotically flat and possesses on each side of the bridge a regular cosmological Killing horizon with an infinite area, impenetrable for any particles. This horizon does
more » ... his horizon does not arise if the wormhole region is glued to the Schwarzschild region. In doing so, the wormhole can enclose an arbitrary amount of the phantom energy. The configuration under discussion has a limit in which the phantom energy turns into the string dust, the areal radius tends to the constant. In this limit, the strong gravitational mass defect is realized in that the gravitational active mass is finite and constant while the proper mass integrated over the total manifold is infinite.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.72.061303 fatcat:nnhe7ceyu5h2veqncpjd7rsqje