The effectiveness of a metropolitan agency in improving the local municipal planning process : an evaluation of the case in metropolitan Vancouver

Charles Harold Wakelin
This thesis is aimed at solving two common problems in local municipal planning agencies in metropolitan areas: first, the problem of proceeding with making long-range plans in the face of current, daily responsibilities, and second, the problem of making realistic plans in the context of the forces and pressures of metropolitan life. The hypothesis is formulated that advance planning services can be supplied more efficiently to municipalities in a metropolitan area by a common agency than by
more » ... nicipal planning agencies. It is assumed that the common planning agency is a department of a federated type of metropolitan government, and that it is required to produce a metropolitan general plan for official adoption. In this investigation, which is intended to provide material for use in Canadian metropolitan areas with populations of 400,000 and over, two basic research techniques are used: a review of literature and a case study examination. A framework is developed for testing the efficiency, in a wide sense of the word, of advance planning agencies. In the review of literature, the concept of division of labour as a basic component of bureaucratic organization, is described, and then a survey is made of situations in which planning is carried out by a department of a metropolitan government, using the official plan technique. The instances are the metropolitan areas of Toronto, Winnipeg and Dade County, Florida. It is observed that difficulties can arise when there is a question of local communities surrendering some of the rights to control development within their boundaries. Alternative means of carrying out metropolitan planning are described, as well, principally with reference to the United States. The area selected for the case study is the metropolitan area of Vancouver in British Columbia. A questionnaire is developed to test the capacity of local planning agencies to make soundly-based plans, which interlock with the plans of neighbouring communities, and which harmonize with the goals and values of [...]
doi:10.14288/1.0104730 fatcat:dyl5jyx6mfeshe37hggx2fbvbi