UntanglingCPviolation and the mass hierarchy in long baseline experiments

Olga Mena, Stephen Parke
2004 Physical Review D  
In the overlap region, for the normal and inverted hierarchies, of the neutrino-antineutrino bi-probability space for $\nu_\mu \to \nu_e$ appearance, we derive a simple identity between the solutions in the ($\sin^2 2\theta_{13}$, $\sin \delta$) plane for the different hierarchies. The parameter $\sin^2 2\theta_{13}$ sets the scale of the $\nu_\mu \to \nu_e$ appearance probabilities at the atmospheric $\delta m^2_{atm} \approx 2.4 \times 10^{-3}$ eV$^2$ whereas $\sin \delta $ controls the
more » ... controls the amount of CP violation in the lepton sector. The identity between the solutions is that the difference in the values of $\sin \delta$ for the two hierarchies equals twice the value of $\sqrt{\sin^2 2\theta_{13}}$ divided by the {\it critical} value of $\sqrt{\sin^2 2\theta_{13}}$. We apply this identity to the two proposed long baseline experiments, T2K and NO$\nu$A, and we show how it can be used to provide a simple understanding of when and why fake solutions are excluded when two or more experiments are combined. The identity demonstrates the true complimentarity of T2K and NO$\nu$A.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.70.093011 fatcat:c33zpa6wgbc2nfgos7kfwufmbe