AGRICULTURAL AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING: SCOPE AND OPPORTUNITIES
Puerto Rico Section
Biological and agricultural engineering (BAE) is the application of engineering principles to any process associated with producing agriculturally based goods and management of our natural resources. BA engineers devise practical, efficient solutions for producing, storing, transporting, processing, and packaging agricultural products; solve problems related to systems, processes, and machines that interact Health. BA engineers understand the interrelationships between technology and living
... logy and living systems, have available a wide variety of employment options. Biomedical engineering (BME) is a discipline that advances knowledge in engineering, biology and medicine, and improves human health through crossdisciplinary activities that integrate the engineering sciences with the biomedical sciences and clinical practice. Biomedical Engineers apply electrical, mechanical, chemical, optical and engineering mechanics principles to understand, modify, or control biologic (i.e., human and animal) systems, as well as design and manufacture products that can monitor physiologic functions and assist in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. When biomedical engineers work within a hospital or clinic, they are more properly called clinical engineers. Some of the well established specialty areas within the field of BME are: bioinstrumentation; biomaterials; biomechanics; cellular, tissue and genetic engineering; clinical engineering; medical imaging; orthopedic surgery; rehabilitation engineering; and systems physiology. Current status and job opportunities for BME and BAE are discussed.