SUMOylation modulates the LIN28A‐let‐7 signaling pathway in response to cellular stresses in cancer cells

Jinzhuo Dou, Hailong Zhang, Ran Chen, Zimei Shu, Haihua Yuan, Xian Zhao, Yanli Wang, Jian Huang, Aiwu Zhou, Jianxiu Yu
2020 Molecular Oncology  
LIN28A is a conserved RNA-binding protein that inhibits the biogenesis of let-7 microRNAs, thus promoting cancer progression. However, mechanisms underlying the activation of the LIN28A-let-7 signaling pathway remain poorly understood. Here, we show that LIN28A is SUMOylated in vivo and in vitro at K15, which is increased by hypoxia but reduced by chemotherapy drugs such as Cisplatin and Paclitaxel. SUMOylation of LIN28A aggravates its inhibition of let-7 maturation, resulting in a stark
more » ... on of let-7, which promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, SUMOylation of LIN28A increases its binding affinity with the precursor let-7 (pre-let-7), which subsequently enhances LIN28A-mediated recruitment of terminal uridylyltransferase (TUTase) TUT4 and simultaneously blocks DICER processing of pre-let-7, thereby reducing mature let-7 production. These effects are abolished in SUMOylation-deficient mutant LIN28A-K15R. In summary, these findings shed light on a novel mechanism by which SUMOylation could regulate the LIN28A-let-7 pathway in response to cellular stress in cancer cells.
doi:10.1002/1878-0261.12694 pmid:32333719 fatcat:y7cfbdt3evfxdhe5iouddryzgq