Desenvolvimento de um sistema eletrônico com registro simultâneo de amplitude e instante de ocorrência dos pulsos aplicado ao método de coincidências 4πβ-γ [thesis]

Fabio de Toledo
The 4- coincidence method for absolute radionuclide activity measurement has been considered for many years as a primary standard in Nuclear Metrology, because of dependence on few observable quantities and high accuracy. The Laboratório de Metrologia Nuclear (LMN) -Nuclear Metrology Laboratory -, at Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN) -Nuclear and Energy Research Institute -, among its measurement techniques, uses the 4- coincidence method. Recently a new technique
more » ... as ‗software coincidence' has been used, with many advantages over the conventional coincidence methodology. In order to update the methodologies for radionuclide standardizations, the LMN developed a new system based on the software coincidence technique, described in the present work. This system uses the same nuclear set up for beta and gamma detection. The new software coincidence electronics uses a National Instruments (NI) acquisition card connected to a microcomputer and, through a connection panel, to the nuclear detection set up. The card configuration and controlling is accomplished by software using the LabVIEW, a NI proprietary product. This system records into disk files all the amplitudes and occurrence times for beta and gamma detected pulses. A suitable software was developed (the coincidence analysis program) to process the recorded data in order to obtain beta, gamma and coincidence counts and perform calculation of the radioactive source activity. The work also presents and discusses the results obtained with the first version of the coincidence analysis program, as well as perspectives for future works.
doi:10.11606/d.85.2009.tde-22092011-091715 fatcat:wu5fwy4ujvc5xh6b2ge3fi2p5y