HMM-Based Speech Synthesis Utilizing Glottal Inverse Filtering
IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing
This paper describes an HMM-based speech synthesizer that utilizes glottal inverse filtering for generating natural sounding synthetic speech. In the proposed method, speech is first decomposed into the glottal source signal and the model of the vocal tract filter through glottal inverse filtering, and thus parametrized into excitation and spectral features. The source and filter features are modeled individually in the framework of HMM and generated in the synthesis stage according to the text
... cording to the text input. The glottal excitation is synthesized through interpolating and concatenating natural glottal flow pulses, and the excitation signal is further modified according to the spectrum of the desired voice source characteristics. Speech is synthesized by filtering the reconstructed source signal with the vocal tract filter. Experiments show that the proposed system is capable of generating natural sounding speech, and the quality is clearly better compared to two HMM-based speech synthesis systems based on widely used vocoder techniques. Index Terms-Speech synthesis, glottal inverse filtering, hidden Markov model.