Pregnane X receptor exacerbates nonalcoholic fatty liver disease accompanied by obesity- and inflammation-prone gut microbiome signature [post]

Sarah Kim, Sora Choi, Moumita Dutta, Marianne Polunas, Michael Goedken, Frank Gonzalez, Julia Yue Cui, Maxwell Gyamfi
2021 unpublished
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a drug receptor with novel functions in promoting non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We hypothesize that PXR worsens NAFLD accompanied by gut dysbiosis. Wild-type and PXR-knockout mice were fed control or high fat diet (HFD) for 16-weeks. Serum parameters, liver histopathology, transcriptomic profiling, 16S-rDNA sequencing, and bile acid (BA) metabolomics were performed. PXR enhanced HFD-induced weight gain, hepatic steatosis and inflammation especially in
more » ... les, accompanied by male-specific and PXR-dependent up-regulation in pro-inflammatory cytokines and microbial response-related genes in liver, an increase in intestinal Firmicutes/Bacteroides ratio (hallmark of obesity) and the pro-inflammatory Lactobacillus, and a decrease in the anti-obese Allobaculum and the anti-inflammatory Bifidobacterum. The gut dysbiosis was associated with a reduction of hepatic beneficial BAs in males. In conclusion, PXR exacerbates hepatic steatosis and inflammation accompanied by obesity- and inflammation-prone gut microbiome signature, suggesting that gut microbiome may contribute to PXR-mediated exacerbation of NAFLD.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:yteycxby75gb3p7txp7k6krqbe