Mortality and Costs of Acute Renal Failure Associated with Amphotericin B Therapy

D. W. Bates, L. Su, D. T. Yu, G. M. Chertow, D. L. Seger, D. R. J. Gomes, E. J. Dasbach, R. Platt
2001 Clinical Infectious Diseases  
To assess the mortality and resource utilization that results from acute renal failure associated with amphotericin B therapy, 707 adult admissions in which parenteral amphotericin B therapy was given were studied at a tertiary-care hospital. Main outcome measures were mortality, length of stay, and costs; we controlled for potential confounders, including age, sex, insurance status, baseline creatinine level, length of stay before beginning amphotericin B therapy, and severity of illness.
more » ... 707 admissions, there were 212 episodes (30%) of acute renal failure. When renal failure developed, the mortality rate was much higher: 54% versus 16% (adjusted odds of death, 6.6). When acute renal failure occurred, the mean adjusted increase in length of stay was 8.2 days, and the adjusted total cost was $29,823. Although residual confounding exists despite adjustment, the increases in resource utilization that we found are large and the associated mortality is high when acute renal failure occurs following amphotericin B therapy.
doi:10.1086/319211 pmid:11229835 fatcat:wjlanzyhtfbczne6yld6yduzoa