Placement and Implementation of Grid-Forming and Grid-Following Virtual Inertia and Fast Frequency Response [article]

Bala Kameshwar Poolla, Dominic Groß, Florian Dörfler
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The electric power system is witnessing a shift in the technology of generation. Conventional thermal generation based on synchronous machines is gradually being replaced by power electronics interfaced renewable generation. This new mode of generation, however, lacks the natural inertia and governor damping which are quintessential features of synchronous machines. The loss of these features results in increasing frequency excursions and, ultimately, system instability. Among the numerous
more » ... es on mitigating these undesirable effects, the main approach involves virtual inertia emulation to mimic the behavior of synchronous machines. In this work, explicit models of grid-following and grid-forming virtual inertia (VI) devices are developed for inertia emulation in low-inertia systems. An optimization problem is formulated to optimize the parameters and location of these devices in a power system to increase its resilience. Finally, a case study based on a high-fidelity model of the South-East Australian system is used to illustrate the effectiveness of such devices.
arXiv:1807.01942v3 fatcat:wkia23qn4veunhcyhoqx4r73ju