INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR INNOVATIVE RESEARCH IN MULTIDISCIPLINARY FIELD Emotional Stability among Alcohol Abusers
BACKGROUND: According to Smitson (1974) emotional stability refers to the process in which the personality is consistently striving for greater sense of emotional health, both intra-physically and intra-personally. The most outstanding mark of emotional stability is the ability to bear the stress. It has been emphasized that the emotionally stable individual has the capacity to withstand delay in satisfaction of needs, ability to tolerate a reasonable amount of frustration, and is capable of
... nd is capable of revising or delying his expectations in terms of demands of the situations. Alcohol is a colourless, volatile, flammable liquid which is the intoxicating constituent of beer, wine, spirits and other drinks. Alcohol is no ordinary commodity but a drug that can be depended upon (Gureje et al, 2007). Alcoholism is defined as a chronic disability manifested by continuous drinking. It is a chronic illness characterized by habitual drinking of alcohol to a degree that it interferes with physical or mental health or occupational or with normal social functioning. The sudden increase in alcohol abuse is caused by a change in cultural and social factors whereby rules and regulations that guarded its abuse have broken down. Other possible causes of alcohol abuse are the harsh economic conditions that face the community and high inflation rates as the prices of commodities are rising. Casswell et al. (2003) examined socio economic status and drinking patterns in young adults. The findings indicate that lower social status was not related to frequency of drinking but was instead associated with consuming higher quantities of alcohol per drinking session, and that quantity of drinking was most strongly influenced by educational achievement. Compton et al., (2007) found that people with substance use disorders are often dependent on or abuse more than one substance, and illicit drug use disorders without lifetime alcohol use disorders are rare. Results also reveal that both drug and alcohol use disorders occurs often co morbidly with depressive and anxiety disorders. Dubow et al., (2008) found that lower levels of behavioural inhibition and higher levels of aggression in childhood predicted adulthood alcohol use and problem drinking, whereas childhood contextual variables such as family socioeconomic status were weaker predictors, also highlighting the importance of individual characteristics. Fleury, Grenier, and Bamvita (2014) revealed that drug and alcohol abuse among users with severe mental disorders was associated with being non-French speaking, younger, male, a resident in autonomous housing, or an individual with less functionality and high severity of needs. Results also reveal that substance abuse among users with severe mental disorders is associated with greater severity of needs and lower community functionality. Ferguson & Boden (2011) reported that there are many obvious and well researched risks of heavy drinking, injury or death, including car accidents, crime, violence, injuries, sexual risk taking including unprotected and unwanted sex leading to sexually transmitted infections (STI), pregnancy and abortion as well as mental health disorders like depression and suicidal behaviour. Gaunekar, Patel & Rane (2005) found that an important consequence of alcohol consumption in developing countries is related to mental health of individuals living with problem drinkers. Results also reveal that developing countries have shown higher levels of family dysfunction and family violence among alcohol-dependent people and Abstract: Aim: Emotional stability refers to the process in which the personality is consistently striving for greater sense of emotional health, both intra-physically and intra-personally. The most outstanding mark of emotional stability is the ability to bear the stress. This paper aims to examine the level of emotional stability among alcohol abusers. Design: The present study is based on the sample of 60 subjects equally divided into two groups on the basis of marital status (Married and Unmarried), further these two groups were also divided into two more sub groups on the basis of socio economic status (High socio-economic status HSES and Low socio-economic status LSES). Emotional stability questionnaire designed and developed by Sanjay Vohra was used for data collection. Mean, SD and t-test were applied for statistical analysis. Results: Results revealed that there is a significant difference found between the mean scores of married and unmarried alcohol abusers. Also there is a significant difference found between the mean scores of high socio economic status and low socio economic alcohol abusers. Conclusion: On the basis of the findings in the present study we may conclude that both marital status and economic status are influential factors in emotional stability.