Genetic manipulation of calcium-handling proteins in cardiac myocytes. I. Experimental studies

Pierre Coutu, Joseph M. Metzger
2005 American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology  
Two genetic experimental approaches, de novo expression of parvalbumin (Parv) and overexpression of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca 2ϩ -ATPase (SERCA2a), have been shown to increase relaxation rates in myocardial tissue. However, the relative effect of Parv and SERCA2a on systolic function and on ␤-adrenergic responsiveness at varied pacing rates is unknown. We used gene transfer in isolated rat adult cardiac myocytes to gain a fuller understanding of Parv/SERCA2a function. As demonstrated
more » ... s demonstrated previously, when Parv is expressed in elevated concentration (Ͼ0.1 mM), the transduced myocytes showed a reduction in sarcomere-shortening amplitude: 129 Ϯ 17, 81 Ϯ 8, and 149 Ϯ 14 nm for control, Parv, and SERCA2a, respectively. At physiological temperature, shortening amplitude responses of Parv and SERCA2a myocytes to the ␤-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol (Iso) were not statistically different from that of control myocytes. However, in SERCA2a myocytes, in which baseline was slightly elevated and the Iso-stimulated value was slightly lower, the increase in shortening was slightly less than in Parv or control myocytes: 108 Ϯ 14, 169 Ϯ 39, and 34 Ϯ 12% for control, Parv, and SERCA2a, respectively. In another test set, Parv myocytes had the strongest early postrest potentiation among all groups studied (rest time ϭ 2-10 s), and SERCA2a myocytes were the least sensitive to variations in stimulation rhythm. To replicate the deficient Ca 2ϩ removal observed in heart failure, we used 150 nM thapsigargin. Under these conditions, control myocytes exhibited slowed relaxation, whereas Parv myocytes retained their rapid kinetics, showing that Parv is still able to control relaxation, even when SERCA2a function is impaired.
doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00424.2004 pmid:15331372 fatcat:mnbei5zclrchfb22mvdjsca64u