Detection of rotavirus by hybridization with a nonradioactive synthetic DNA probe and comparison with commercial enzyme immunoassays and silver-stained polyacrylamide gels

M Arens, E M Swierkosz
1989 Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
Three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) (rotavirus enzyme immunoassay [EIA; International Diagnostic Laboratories], Pathfinder [Kallestad Laboratories], and Rotaclone [Cambridge Bioscience, Inc.]) and hybridization of viral RNA with a nonradioactive, synthetic oligonucleotide DNA probe (SNAP; Molecular Biosystems, Inc.) were compared with silver-stained polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) of viral RNA for the detection of rotavirus in fecal specimens. Hybridization was performed
more » ... ation was performed following column purification of the viral RNA. Of 286 specimens analyzed by PAGE, SNAP, rotavirus EIA, Pathfinder, and Rotaclone, 88 were positive by PAGE. AHl 88 specimens were also positive by the other four assays. Nine specimens that were positive by one or more of the assays were positive by blocking ELISAs but were negative by PAGE. If these nine specimens were considered to be true positives, the final sensitivities and specificities were as follows: PAGE, 91 and 100%; SNAP, 94 and 97%; rotavirus EIA, 96 and 97%; Pathfinder, 100 and 94%; and Rotaclone, 96 and 97%, respectively.
doi:10.1128/jcm.27.6.1277-1279.1989 fatcat:scyq6m6uizdz7my2lltn6ghdzu