Studies on Phase Shifting Mechanism in Pulse Tube Cryocooler

Padmanabhan, C S Gurudath, Thota Srikanth, A Ambirajan, SA Basavaraj, Kumar Dinesh, G Venkatarathnam
2017 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
Pulse Tube cryocoolers (PTC) are being used extensively in spacecraft for applications such as sensor cooling due to their simple construction and long life owing to a fully passive cold head. Efforts at ISRO to develop a PTC for space use have resulted in a unit with a cooling capacity of 1W at 80K with an input of 45watts. This paper presents the results of a study with this PTC on the phase shifting characteristics of an Inertance tube in conjunction with a reservoir. The aim was to obtain
more » ... optimum phase angle between the mass flow ( ) and dynamic pressure ( ̃) at the PT cold end that results in the largest possible heat lift from this unit. Theoretical model was developed using Phasor Analysis and Transmission Line Model (TLM) for different mass flow and values of optimum frequency and phase angles were predicted. They were compared with experimental data from the PTC for different configurations of the Inertance tube/reservoir at various frequencies and charge pressures. These studies were carried out to characterise an existing cryocooler and design an optimised phase shifter with the aim of improving the performance with respect to specific power input.
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/171/1/012082 fatcat:t2a7zan7frg45ig7yyvzbi5bmy