Perception of Females Instructors and Administrative Workers as to the Challenges to Ascribe Management Positions in Debre Markos University, Ethiopia
Public Policy and Administration Research
The general objective of the study was to investigate the perception differences between female instructors and administrative workers as to the challenges to ascribe management positions in Debre Markos University. To achieve the objective of the study from 927total populations who were working in Debre Markos University 280 sample have taken trough simple random sampling method. Primary data were collected through questionnaires from a sample of 280 respondents. Descriptive statistics were
... d to describe the existing situation of women's representation in leadership in Debre Markos University. Statistical tests would be performed based using Mann-Whitney non-parametric statistical tests to examine the perception differences between female instructors and administrative workers as to the challenges to ascribe management positions in the university. From the descriptive result, it has shown that the representation of women in management position is very low. The study of this finding revealed that organizational, social and personal related challenges influence equally female academic and female administrative staffs towards ascribing management position. Finally, it is recommended that; it is important to create work environment that is suitable for women in order to improve uniform representation of women across management position and to aspire managerial positions. Statement of the Problem/Rationale Ethiopia is part of all major human right treaties including the most important women's conventions, i.e. Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action (BDPA), which requires governments to attain a 30% benchmark for women public decision making positions (Meaza, 2009) . The numbers are clear-cut. Despite women's impressive gains in education and the workplace over the past 50 years, men greatly outnumber women in leadership, especially in top positions. From corporate boardrooms to the halls of Congress, from universities to the courts, from religious institutions to public organizations, men are simply much more likely than women to be leaders. Time will not solve the gender leadership gap; action will. Women's representation in leadership will not increase substantially without major changes in the culture, policies, and practices of the organizations where women learn and work (American Association of University women Report, 2016). Despite the government's efforts to provide equal opportunities for women and design non-discriminatory policies, the existences of deep-seated discriminatory practices thwarted their progress, yet women are economically, socially, culturally and politically disadvantaged in the enjoyment of equal rights, in accessing opportunities, decision making processes, and basic resources. In the case of the study area, Debre Markos University, female's representation and participation in management positions is very low. According to the data from Debre Markos University Gender, HIV/AIDS and Disability affaires directorate the number of female instructors representation in the top, middle and lower management position are 1, 2 and 2 respectively; whereas the number of male instructors in top, middle and lower management position are 4, 58, and 79 respectively and female administrative staffs representation in the top, middle and lower management position are 8, 2 and 0 respectively; whereas the number of male administrative workers in top, middle and lower management position are 34, 15, and 0 respectively. The data indicates 3079 workers out of these 927 female workers around 31.5%. But when we see the management positions from the available total of 205 management positions only 15 that are only 7.3% are held by female instructors and administrative workers which is very negligible figure. According to the data management positions in the university are dominated by male. This indicates women are still limited in subordinate's positions. Despite the fact that there is progress being made in terms of total numbers of employed women, segregation of women in management positions or disparity between men and women in management positions is persistent problem that exist. Hence, this research examined the challenges that affect female instructors and administrative workers to ascribe management position in university.Therefore, based on the above statement; this study is able to assess the challenges of female instructors and administrative workers to ascribe management positions in university.