Generalizations of Partial Difference Sets from Cyclotomy to Nonelementary Abelian $p$-Groups

John Polhill
2008 Electronic Journal of Combinatorics  
A partial difference set having parameters $(n^2, r(n-1), n+r^2-3r,r^2-r)$ is called a Latin square type partial difference set, while a partial difference set having parameters $(n^2, r(n+1), -n+r^2+3r,r^2+r)$ is called a negative Latin square type partial difference set. In this paper, we generalize well-known negative Latin square type partial difference sets derived from the theory of cyclotomy. We use the partial difference sets in elementary abelian groups to generate analogous partial
more » ... nalogous partial difference sets in nonelementary abelian groups of the form $(Z_p)^{4s} \times (Z_{p^s})^4$. It is believed that this is the first construction of negative Latin square type partial difference sets in nonelementary abelian $p$-groups where the $p$ can be any prime number. We also give a generalization of subsets of Type Q, partial difference sets consisting of one fourth of the nonidentity elements from the group, to nonelementary abelian groups. Finally, we give a similar product construction of negative Latin square type partial difference sets in the additive groups of $(F_q)^{4t+2}$ for an integer $t \geq 1$. This construction results in some new parameters of strongly regular graphs.
doi:10.37236/849 fatcat:bbmez54gp5bcrjmpjxv677avuu