Dermatoses determined in a population of farmers in questionnaire-based clinical study including methodology validation

P Susitaival, L Husman, A Hollmén, M Horsmanheimo
1995 Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health  
Dermatoses determined in a population of farmers in questionnaire-based clinical study including methodology validation by Susitaival P, Husman L, Hollmén A, Horsmanheimo M The following article refers to this text: 2002;28(6):0 determined in a population of farmers in a questionnaire-based clinical study including methodology validation. Scand J Work Environ Health 1995;21: 30-5. Objectives The study analyzed skin diseases in a population sample of Finnish farmers descriptively and in the
more » ... ely and in the process validated the question "Do you have a skin disease now?" Methods All farmers from one Finnish municipality were surveyed for dermatoses, first with a questionnaire and then with a clinical examination of those who reported dermatoses. Another population of farmers answered a set of questions in~n~ediately before a clinical examination, and the self-report of current dermatosis was validated. Results Eczema was diagnosed for 66% of the women and 53% of the Inen who had reported dermatosis in the questionnaire study 6 to 12 months earlier. Toe-web maceration, psoriasis, folliculitis, and acne were, after eczema, the most frequent diagnoses (in that order). In more than 50% of the cases, the location of clinically determined dermatoses corresponded with the skin disease areas reported 6 to 12 months earlier. In the validation study, everyone who reported a skin disease immediately before the clinical examination were found to have a skin disease. In addition 22% of those not reporting dermatosis were found to have a skin disease. Toeweb maceration was the most colnlnon dermatosis not reported by the farmers. C O~C~U S~O~~S Finnish farmers suffered from the same type of dermatoses as other populations. The prevalence of eczema and hand eczema was similar to that of other risk populations. A self-report of current dermatosis is probably a good indicator of the point prevalence of explicit skin diseases in populations.
doi:10.5271/sjweh.5 fatcat:zz5t5qdoobe43hc5dpdaknohlm