Development and application of hybrid structure based method for efficient screening of ligands binding to G-protein coupled receptors

Sandhya Kortagere, William J. Welsh
2006 Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design  
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) comprise a large superfamily of proteins that are targets for nearly 50% of drugs in clinical use today. In the past, the use of structure-based drug design strategies to develop better drug candidates has been severely hampered due to the absence of the receptor's three-dimensional structure. However, with recent advances in molecular modeling techniques and better computing power, atomic level details of these receptors can be derived from computationally
more » ... rived molecular models. Using information from these models coupled with experimental evidence, it has become feasible to build receptor pharmacophores. In this study, we demonstrate the use of the Hybrid Structure Based (HSB) method that can be used effectively to screen and identify prospective ligands that bind to GPCRs. Essentially; this multi-step method combines ligand-based methods for building enriched libraries of small molecules and structure-based methods for screening molecules against the GPCR target. The HSB method was validated to identify retinal and its analogues from a random dataset of ∼300,000 molecules. The results from this study showed that the 9 top-ranking molecules are indeed analogues of retinal. The method was also tested to identify analogues of dopamine binding to the dopamine D2 receptor. Six of the ten top-ranking molecules are known analogues of dopamine including a prodrug, while the other thirty-four molecules are currently being tested for their activity against all dopamine receptors. The results from both these test cases have proved that the HSB method provides a realistic solution to bridge the gap between the ever-increasing demand for new drugs to treat psychiatric disorders and the lack of efficient screening methods for GPCRs.
doi:10.1007/s10822-006-9077-8 pmid:17054015 pmcid:PMC2756463 fatcat:xnulfzgnlna6vfi4ilmydkday4