Roentgenologic appraisal of low back pains in Uyo, Nigeria
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences
Low back pain is one of the commonest indices for referral to radiological evaluation of lumbo-sacral spine. The underlying pathology may be divulged by the exploit of conventional lumbo-sacral radiography. Purpose: By collating and analysing the lumbo-sacral radiographs of patients with low back pain, we hope to give an account of the accompaniments of low back pain and where possible, to deduce its causes in our local environ. Study design/Setting: A cross-sectional prospective study. Patient
... tive study. Patient Sample: Two hundred and forty patients were enrolled in the study Outcome Measures: Pathologies were evaluated based on features seen on the paired lumbo-sacral radiographs of anterior-posterior and lateral. Methods: Anterior-posterior and lateral plain radiographs were done under standardized conditions after recording of patient's biodata. Radiographs were analysed using SSPS 13 statistical computer package. Results: A total of 240 patients aged 10-89years with mean age of 48.9 and standard deviations of 25.4 were studied. Males were 130 while females were 110. The number of identifiable pathologies (n= 257) outweighed the number of patients (n=240). The commonest pathology was degenerative disc disease. This was seen in 67.5% of studied population. 15.83% had either normal radiographs,loss of lumbar lordosis or scoliosis. Conclusions: Degenerative disc disease is the commonest pathology seen in patients with low back pain in Uyo, Nigeria.