Preparation of Poly(thionine)-Modified Electrode and Its Application to an Electrochemical Detector for the Flow-Injection Analysis of NADH

Koichiro TANAKA, Shin IKEDA, Noboru OYAMA, Koichi TOKUDA, Takeo OHSAKA
1993 Analytical Sciences  
Poly(thionine)-modified electrodes have been prepared using basal-plane pyrolytic graphite, glassy carbon and In-Sn oxide conducting glass as electrode substrates by an electrooxidative polymerization of thionine in both aqueous and acetonitrile media. It was found that the prepared films, the surface concentration of which can be controlled over the range of ca. 10-10 -10-g mol cm 2 by appropriately choosing the electropolymerization conditions (e.g., solvent, concentration of thionine and
more » ... trolysis time), are electroactive (the formal potential is ca. 0.0 V vs. Ag/AgCI at pH 7.0) and chemically stable. The modified electrodes exhibited excellent electrocatalysis for NADH oxidation in neutral aqueous solutions, with an activation overpotential which is ca. 400 mV lower than that of a bare electrode. Further, the modified glassy carbon electrode was found to be promising as an amperometric detector for the flow-injection analysis of NADH, typically with a dynamic range of 5 µM -1 mM.
doi:10.2116/analsci.9.783 fatcat:hva3g3pl4fhadkfidjcng37qra