Phytochemical Analysis and Antioxidant Activity of Hodgsonia heteroclita (Roxb)
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
In accordance with World Health Organization (WHO); traditional medicines are utilized by 70-95% of worldwide population especially in developing countries with regard to their healthcare. Additionally, the usage of herbal drugs has grown incredibly in line with the worldwide trend of folks returning to natural remedies. The increasing utilization of botanicals by the public is forcing moves to evaluate the health claims of these agents and also to establish specifications of quality and
... quality and manufacture  . Herbal drugs exert a key impact in health care programs particularly in developing nations. However hindrance behind the acceptance of herbal medicine in developed nations is the lack of documentation, stringent quality control measures. Therefore, documentation and standardization of the crude materials utilized in herbal medicine is vital for the global compliance of this system of medicine. In this regard, WHO supports the nations to provide conventional remedies and practices in communal and private health services. Construction of monographs are planned fundamentally to promote harmonization in the utilization of herbal drugs with respect to levels of safety, efficacy, and quality control. Pharmacognostic standardization, physicochemical investigation and preliminary phytochemical studies were all over accepted in recognizable proof and confirmation of the genuine plant materials. Standardization of herbal drugs is the strategy of recommending a set of specifications, constant parameters, definitive qualitative and quantitative values, which bring an assurance of quality, efficiency, safety as well as reproducibility. Proper identification and quality assurance of plant materials are essential to ensure reproducible result of herbal medicines, which will add to its safety and efficacy. Pharmacognostic standardization of plant material comprises of Prasanth, et al.: Pharmacognostic Evaluation of Aralia racemosa L. Stem The present study was taken up to standardize the stem of Aralia racemosa L. for quality, purity and sample identification. Various standardization parameters like morphological, microscopical and physicochemical evaluations, preliminary phytochemical screening and fluorescence analysis of the stem of A. racemosa were done and qualitative parameters were reported. Macro and microscopic evaluation studies were performed as per the routine laboratory procedures. Phytochemical, physicochemical, florescence analysis, behaviour of powdered drug have been conducted as per the World Health Organization guidelines. Microscopy of stem revealed the presence of phellem, phellogen, phelloderm, medullary rays usually biserrate and powder analysis showed the presence of cork cells, lignified xylem vessels, xylem fibers and parenchyma cells. Phytochemical analysis showed the presence of saponins, flavonoids, tannins, phenols, glycosides and volatile oil. Physicochemical parameters such as moisture content, ash value, extractive value and fluorescent behaviour of stem powder were determined. These parameters are useful tools to differentiate the powdered drug material. The findings of this study will be helpful in the identification of A. racemosa stem.