Retinoic acid induces matrix Gla protein gene expression in human cells

M. L. Cancela
1992 Endocrinology  
The objective of this study was to investigate the possible regulation of the vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla (y-carboxyglutamic acid) protein (MGP) by retinoic acid, a regulation suggested by the recent observation that the human MGP promoter has a perfect direct repeat which is nearly identical to the retinoic acid-responsive element in the retinoic acid receptor-@ gene. We report that retinoic acid strongly increases MGP mRNA levels in all human cells tested, including osteoblasts, articular
more » ... oblasts, articular cartilage chondrocytes, and fibroblasts. In osteoblastic cells, MGP mRNA levels are increased by 25-fold at 1 pM retinoic acid and achieve half-maximal levels at 0.1 pM hormone. MGP is a small secreted protein of unknown function that is synthesized in a wide variety of vertebrate tissues. The present results suggest that part of the known actions of retinoic acid on skin, bone, cartilage, and other tissues in the human may be mediated by the stimulation of MGP synthesis and the consequent effect of increased MGP secretion on nearby target cells. (Endocrinology 130: 102-108,1992)
doi:10.1210/en.130.1.102 pmid:1727694 fatcat:zdreltjqqrekdpdfvbo5srd7ue