2$\times$ 2-Slot Element for 60-GHz Planar Array Antenna Realized on Two Doubled-Sided PCBs Using SIW Cavity and EBG-Type Soft Surface fed by Microstrip-Ridge Gap Waveguide

Seyed Ali Razavi, Per-Simon Kildal, Liangliang Xiang, Esperanza Alfonso Alos, Haiguang Chen
2014 IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  
A wideband 2×2-slot element for a 60 GHz antenna array is designed by making use of two double-sided printed circuit boards (PCBs). The upper PCB contains the four radiating cavity-backed slots, where the cavity is formed in substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) using metalized via holes. The SIW cavity is excited by a coupling slot. The excitation slot is fed by a microstrip-ridge gap waveguide formed in the air gap between the upper and lower PCBs. The lower PCB contains the microstrip line,
more » ... microstrip line, being short-circuited to the ground plane of the lower PCB with via holes, and with additional metalized via holes alongside the microstrip line to form a stopband for parallelplate modes in the air gap. The designed element can be used in large arrays with distribution networks realized in such microstrip-ridge gap waveguide technology. Therefore, the present paper describes a generic study in an infinite array environment, and performance is measured in terms of the active reflection coefficient S11 and the power lost in grating lobes. The study shows that the radiation characteristics of the array antenna is considerably improved by using a soft surface EBGtype SIW corrugation between each 2×2-slot element in E-plane to reduce the mutual coupling. The study is verified by measurements on a 4×4 element array surrounded by dummy elements and including a transition to rectangular waveguide WR15. Index Termsgap waveguide, slot antenna array, soft and hard surfaces, EBG surface, substrate integrated waveguide (SIW).
doi:10.1109/tap.2014.2331993 fatcat:6lwh56eelndx3lx32khnfspk4a