Bi-functional, Substrate Mimicking RNA Inhibits MSK1-mediated cAMP-response Element-binding Protein Phosphorylation and Reveals Magnesium Ion-dependent Conformational Changes of the Kinase
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The design of specific inhibitors for protein kinases is an important step toward elucidation of intracellular signal transduction pathways and to guide drug discovery programs. We devised a model approach to generate specific, competitive kinase inhibitors by isolating substrate mimics containing two independent binding sites with an anti-idiotype strategy from combinatorial RNA libraries. As a general test for the ability to generate highly specific kinase inhibitors, we selected the
... lected the transcription factor cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) that is phosphorylated on the same serine residue by the protein kinase MSK1 as well as by RSK1. The sequences and structures of these kinases are very similar, about 60% of their amino acids are identical. Nevertheless, we can demonstrate that the selected RNA inhibitors inhibit specifically CREB phosphorylation by MSK1 but do not affect CREB phosphorylation by RSK1. The inhibitors interact preferentially with the inactive form of MSK1. Furthermore, we demonstrate that RNA ligands can be conformation-specific probes, and this feature allowed us to describe magnesium ion-dependent conformational changes of MSK1 upon activation.