Fungi associated with grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) with emphasize on pestalotioid species in Kurdistan Province, Iran [post]

Esmail Khaledi, Jamal Nahvi Moghadam, Jafar Abdollahzadeh, Jahanshir Amini
2021 unpublished
Grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs) are destructive and important economically with worldwide distribution. In this survey 233 fungal isolates were obtained from grapevine cultivars showing trunk diseases symptoms in Kurdistan Province, Iran. Based on sequences data and morphology 24 species belong to 20 genera were characterized. Botryosphaeriaceae, Alternaria, Sporocadaceae and Phaeoacremonium members were the most prevalent identified fungal groups. At the species level Botryosphaeria dothidea,
more » ... sphaeria dothidea, Alternaria malorum, Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and Acremonium sclerotigenum were the most frequent identified species. All species are new records in Kurdistan Province. Clonostachys rosea and Neoscytalidium novaehollandiae are new records on grapevine in Iran. Acremonium sclerotigenum, Alternaria chlamydosporigena, Ascochyta herbicola and Paecilomyces formosus are new records on grapevine around the world. In phylogenetic analyses based on LSU, ITS, TEF-1α and TUB2 sequence data four pestalotioid species belong to Sporocadaceae were identified. Of these, three species are new for science and introduced here as Seimatosporium marivanicum, Sporocadus kurdistani and Xenoseimatosporium kurdistanicum. Furthermore, three new combinations in Sporocadus are proposed.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-192033/v1 fatcat:56e5tncwevcvzfxwdkcjtgjkju