Molecular epidemiology and clone transmission of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in ICU rooms [article]

Xiufeng Zhang, Fangping Li, Zhuangwei Hou, Furqan Awan, Hongye Jiang, Xiaohua Li, Zhenling Zeng, Weibiao Lv
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is a major cause of nosocomial infections and hospital outbreaks worldwide, remaining a critical clinical concern. Here we characterized and investigated the phylogenetic relationships of 105 CRAB isolates on intensive care unit surfaces from one hospital in China collected over six years. All strains carried blaOXA-23, blaOXA-66 genes for carbapenem resistance, also had high resistance gene, virulence factor and insertion sequences burdens.
more » ... equences burdens. Whole-genome sequencing revealed all strains belonged to ST2, the global clone CC2. The phylogenetic analysis based on the core genome showed all isolates was dominated by a single lineage of three clusters and eight different clones. Two clones were popular during the collection time. Using chi-square test to identify the epidemiologically meaningful groupings, we found the significant difference in community structure only present in strains from separation time. The haplotype and median-joining network analysis revealed genetic differences among clusters and changes occurred overtime in the dominating cluster. Our results highlighted substantial multidrug-resistant CRAB burden in hospital ICU environment, demonstrated potential clone outbreak in hospital.
doi:10.1101/2020.06.04.135624 fatcat:42f577iuljbtfh7u23hwzg3cla