DUAL ENERGY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY FOR CHECKED BAGGAGE SCREENING [chapter]

Zhengrong Ying, Ram Naidu
2009 Handbook of Pattern Recognition and Computer Vision  
Single energy computed tomography (CT) scanners use measurements of densities to detect explosives in luggage. It is desirable to apply dual energy techniques to these CT scanners to obtain atomic number measurements to reduce false alarm rates. However, the direct application of existing dual energy techniques has practical problems, such as, approximation errors and lack of boundary constraints in dual energy decomposition, image artifacts, and x-ray spectral drifts. In this paper, we present
more » ... s paper, we present methods to reduce these problems. The methods include constrained dual energy decomposition, adaptive scatter correction, nonlinear filtering of decomposed projections, and real-time image-based correction for x-ray spectral drifts. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the methods using simulated data and real data obtained from a commercial dual energy CT scanner.
doi:10.1142/9789814273398_0029 fatcat:rlke27znzbb3jp5cpfyqkucwbi