Large hepatocellular carcinoma conquered by ALPPS: a case report

Nagari Bheerappa, Digvijoy Sharma, Gangadhar Rao Gondu, Nirjhar Raj, Kamal Kishore Bishnoi
2020 Egyptian Liver Journal  
The only means of achieving long-term survival in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond transplant criteria is complete tumour resection. The limiting factor for curative resection in large HCC is an inadequate future liver remnant (FLR) that might culminate into post hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). The most common method that has been employed thus far to increase the FLR is portal vein embolization (PVE), which has its own set of drawbacks mainly inadequate hypertrophy, longer duration to
more » ... onger duration to achieve adequate FLR and tumour progression in the waiting period. Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) is a novel upcoming technique that aids in achieving rapid hypertrophy of FLR, thereby facilitating resection of an otherwise unresectable tumour. Case presentation: The authors present a case of a 46-year-old female with non-metastatic large HCC with inadequate FLR unsuitable for upfront hepatectomy. A two-stage surgical resection with ALPPS technique was preferred over PVE in this patient. This facilitated early hypertrophy of FLR and complete surgical resection of the tumour was performed successfully with an uneventful perioperative period. The patient was disease free at 16 months of follow-up. Conclusion: ALPPS is a feasible option for otherwise unresectable large HCCs in carefully selected patients with acceptable morbidity. Keywords: HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma), ALPPS (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy), FLR (future liver remnant), PVE (portal vein embolization)
doi:10.1186/s43066-020-00048-6 fatcat:5mjdv4kaafhatpo56o5ffgtloe