Hormonal Regulation of Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit Messenger RNAs in Rat Sertoli Cells

C. Y. Ku, Q. Lu, K. K. Ussuf, G. M. Weinstock, B. M. Sanborn
1991 Molecular Endocrinology  
Using differential hybridization to screen a rat Sertoli cell cDNA library for hormonally regulated gene products, we isolated a clone, designated 13-10, which contained a 1.0-kilobase insert and hybridized to a 1.7-kilobase message in total testis, Sertoli cells, and peritubular cells. This mRNA was decreased relative to untreated control levels in total testicular RNA from hypophysectomized rats, but was increased by FSH treatment begun on the day of hypophysectomy. FSH caused a transient
more » ... sed a transient rise in 13-10 mRNA at 24 h in cultured Sertoli cells. There was no comparable rise in 0-actin RNA or the RNA/ DNA ratio at this time, suggesting that the effect on 13-10 was specific. Testosterone had no effect at any time interval studied. The 13-10 mRNA was not increased in peritubular cells treated in vitro with FSH or testosterone. Sequence analysis of 13-10 revealed more than 99% homology with a portion of the sequence of rat liver cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COX I). The clone included 58% of the open reading frame of COX I as well as that for the adjacent Ser-tRNA. COX I is a mitochondrial gene, and Southern analysis confirmed 13-10 sequence in testicular mitochondrial DNA. In addition to FSH, forskolin and (Bu) 2 cAMP also increased COX I steady state mRNA in Sertoli cells (3.8-, 4.1-, and 9.2-fold, respectively). (Bu) 2 cAMP increased mRNA for other mitochondrial gene products, COX subunit II and 16S rRNA (6.9-and 5.4-fold, respectively), whereas the smaller effects elicited by forskolin and FSH were not statistically significant. The mRNA for COX Va, a cytochrome oxidase subunit encoded by a nuclear gene, was significantly stimulated by FSH, forskolin, and (Bu) 2 cAMP (3.1-, 3.5-, and 8.1-fold, respectively). These data suggest that FSH, via cAMP, may regulate the transcription and/or stability of RNAs coding for cytochrome oxidase subunits and may, thus, play an important role in establishing and maintaining mitochondrial function in Sertoli cells. (Molecular Endocrinology
doi:10.1210/mend-5-11-1669 pmid:1664046 fatcat:x4lhnoyx5vfgbkmih6gcpl7sou