Characterisation of small scale feed mills in a developing country

Adetifa, Okewole
2015 unpublished
In most developing countries, there are numerous small scale animal farms which are sustained by the existence of small scale feed mills. The growth of these small scale feed mills is affected by some problems. A study to characterise small scale feed mills was conducted using Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria as a case study. 10 feed mills were randomly selected and investigated while 30 workers were assessed. The characteristics of the feed mills were investigated in terms of capacity, number of
more » ... city, number of workers, unit operations, equipment used, power source, energy utilization pattern and workplace safety/hygiene. It was discovered that the average capacity of the small scale feed mills was 2.87 t/d with an average of six workers. The workers were predominantly men between 15 and 26 yr. The maximum manual, liquid fuel and electrical energy available to the small scale feed mills were 92.64 MJ/d, 1092 MJ/d and 435.24 MJ/d respectively. It was also discovered that 162 kJ of energy was used to produce 1kg of animal feed whose energy content was above 17 MJ. Other characteristics identified include; high cost of power, high rodent infestation, dirty and dusty mill environs, etc. This study exposes some problems of small scale feed milling requiring qualitative study. Citation: Adetifa B. O., Okewole O. T. 2015. Characterisation of small scale feed mills in a developing country. Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal, 17(3): 208-216.