Group Line Energy in Phase-Resolved Ocean Surface Wave Orbital Velocity Reconstructions from X-band Doppler Radar Measurements of the Sea Surface

Andrew J. Kammerer, Erin E. Hackett
2019 Remote Sensing  
The wavenumber-frequency spectra of many radar measurements of the sea surface contain a linear feature at frequencies lower than the first order dispersion relationship commonly referred to as the "group line". Plant and Farquharson, showed numerically that the group line is at least partially caused by wave interference-induced breaking of steep short gravity waves. This paper uses two wave retrieval techniques, proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and FFT-based dispersion curve filtering,
more » ... examine two X-band radar datasets, and compare wave orbital velocity reconstructions to ground truth wave buoy measurements within the field of view of the radar. POD allows group line energy to be retained in the reconstruction, while dispersion curve filtering removes all energy not associated with the first order dispersion relationship. Results show that when group line energy is higher or comparable to dispersion curve energy, the inclusion of this group line energy in phase-resolved orbital velocity reconstructions increases the accuracy of the reconstruction. This increased accuracy is demonstrated by higher correlations between POD reconstructed time series with buoy ground truth measurements than dispersion curve filtered reconstructions. When energy lying on the dispersion relationship is much higher than the group line energy, the FFT and POD reconstruction methods perform comparably.
doi:10.3390/rs11010071 fatcat:4voejuzul5cdbkiiauaz75roea