GROWN: GRow Only When Necessary for Continual Learning [article]

Li Yang, Sen Lin, Junshan Zhang, Deliang Fan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Catastrophic forgetting is a notorious issue in deep learning, referring to the fact that Deep Neural Networks (DNN) could forget the knowledge about earlier tasks when learning new tasks. To address this issue, continual learning has been developed to learn new tasks sequentially and perform knowledge transfer from the old tasks to the new ones without forgetting. While recent structure-based learning methods show the capability of alleviating the forgetting problem, these methods start from a
more » ... redundant full-size network and require a complex learning process to gradually grow-and-prune or search the network structure for each task, which is inefficient. To address this problem and enable efficient network expansion for new tasks, we first develop a learnable sparse growth method eliminating the additional pruning/searching step in previous structure-based methods. Building on this learnable sparse growth method, we then propose GROWN, a novel end-to-end continual learning framework to dynamically grow the model only when necessary. Different from all previous structure-based methods, GROWN starts from a small seed network, instead of a full-sized one. We validate GROWN on multiple datasets against state-of-the-art methods, which shows superior performance in both accuracy and model size. For example, we achieve 1.0\% accuracy gain on average compared to the current SOTA results on CIFAR-100 Superclass 20 tasks setting.
arXiv:2110.00908v1 fatcat:m42vs5zkjjc3fd25dc76uwofzq