Coexistence and Dynamical Connections between Hyperchaos and Chaos in the 4D Rössler System: A Computer-Assisted Proof

Daniel Wilczak, Sergio Serrano, Roberto Barrio
2016 SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems  
It has recently been reported [P. C. Reich, Neurocomputing, 74 (2011), pp. 3361-3364] that it is quite difficult to distinguish between chaos and hyperchaos in numerical simulations which are frequently "noisy." For the classical four-dimensional (4D) Rössler model [O. E. Rössler, Phys. Lett. A, 71 (1979), pp. 155-157] we show that the coexistence of two invariant sets with different nature (a global hyperchaotic invariant set and a chaotic attractor) and heteroclinic connections between them
more » ... ve rise to long hyperchaotic transient behavior, and therefore it provides a mechanism for noisy simulations. The same phenomena is expected in other 4D and higher-dimensional systems. The proof combines topological and smooth methods with rigorous numerical computations. The existence of (hyper)chaotic sets is proved by the method of covering relations [P. Zgliczyński and M. Gidea, J. Differential Equations, 202 (2004), pp. 32-58]. We extend this method to the case of a nonincreasing number of unstable directions which is necessary to study hyperchaos to chaos transport. The cone condition [H. Kokubu, D. Wilczak, and P. Zgliczyński, Nonlinearity, 20 (2007), pp. 2147-2174 is used to prove the existence of homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits between some periodic orbits which belong to both hyperchaotic and chaotic invariant sets. In particular, the existence of a countable infinity of heteroclinic orbits linking hyperchaos with chaos justifies the presence of long transient behavior.
doi:10.1137/15m1039201 fatcat:npoge2xrircyjnued7r4haa3lu