Prospects of planting large territories of Ukrainian enterprises with walnut

Z. Sirko, O. Protasov, L. Strnad, V. Korenda, I. Vyshniakov, S. Okhrimenko,, E. Starysh, D. Torchilevsky, V. Grytsun, N. Tciren
2022 Naukovì dopovìdì Nacìonalʹnogo unìversitetu bìoresursiv ì prirodokoristuvannâ Ukraïni  
The article highlights the economic feasibility of planting large areas of enterprises, in particular enterprises of the State Reserve of Ukraine with walnut. It is substantiated that the climate of Ukraine is favorable for walnut seedlings, it successfully takes root, tolerates weather changes and is not susceptible to disease. The market of nut sale and its competitiveness are analyzed. It is shown that walnut does not require special care, the tree with proper crown formation and good care
more » ... gins to bear fruit early and retains this ability for centuries. Therefore, the production of walnuts is very profitable and does not require large capital expenditures. The wide spheres of use of a nut, in particular its wood and fruits are resulted.Researches of physical and mechanical indicators of walnut wood are carried out and it is shown that behind them walnut wood belongs to valuable breeds of wood along with an oak, a beech, an ash-tree, etc.On the territory of Ukraine there are many enterprises that occupy large areas (land areas). This land is usually used inefficiently, overgrown with weeds, which leads to additional costs for the company (repeated mowing of grass every year). In particular, this applies to enterprises of the State Reserve System of Ukraine, whose territory averages 15 - 43 hectares. To effectively use such large areas, it is proposed to plant them with walnuts. The climate of Ukraine is favorable for walnut seedlings, they successfully take root, tolerate weather changes and are insensitive to disease. Analysis of the literature showed the prospects of walnut as a high-value food and industrial raw material, as well as its cultivation and selection. According to the Ukrainian Nut Association, walnut orchards of up to 1,000 hectares are planted in Ukraine every year. These volumes provide Ukraine with the third place in the world in walnut exports after China and the United States. Walnut wood has a very beautiful texture. Therefore, walnut wood has long been used in the woodworking industry for the production of planed veneer and later in furniture production. Walnut veneer was competitive with expensive and imported mahogany veneer in terms of its physical and mechanical properties, structure, texture and design. All the above allows us to state that the planting of large areas of enterprises with walnuts will allow to make good profits for decades, to provide the country with valuable food and industrial raw materials, to expand the export potential of enterprises.
doi:10.31548/dopovidi2022.01.015 fatcat:6ack2beasnd6bdohznd2ent7am