Focal Maculopathy in the Senile Cataract Population [post]

Mei Zhang, Kun Yuan, Jingwen Liu, Haoran Zheng
2020 unpublished
Objective: Optical Coherence tomography (OCT) was employed to screen for maculopathy in the senile cataract population, investigate its incidence, and establish a healthy mode of management for maculopathy.Methods: A visual examination, slit-lamp microscope examination, direct ophthalmoscopic fundus examination, and a macular OCT examination were performed on 102 people with senile cataracts who were over 60 years in our hospital from January 1, 2019, to July 31, 2019. The demographic
more » ... stics such as sex, age, physical examination mode: organization/individual, and routine physical examination items: presence or absence of hypertension, body mass index (BMI), blood biochemistry, total cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose and others.Results: Of the 102 subjects in the study, 28 were positive for maculopathy according to the OCT examination. Univariate analysis found that there were statistical differences between sexes and the presence of maculopathy (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in age, visual acuity, hypertension, BMI, fasting blood glucose, TG, total cholesterol, and cataract type (P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis, including all factors that might affect maculopathy, indicated that positivity for maculopathy and age (OR =2.549, 95%CI: 1.129–5.756, p<0.05) and gender (OR=3.907, 95%CI: 1.241–12.302, p<0.05) were related.Conclusion: The incidence of maculopathy in the senile cataract population was higher than that in the elderly population without cataract disease, and the proportion is 27.45%. Screening for maculopathy in the senile cataract population, especially among the elderly and females, should be improved.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:wkraqlfqmjdapdreq4zk4u7mpy