Punishment and the spirit of democracy (2007) [chapter]

2014 George Kateb  
George Kateb's writings have been innovatory in exploring the fundamental quandary of how modern democracysovereignty vested in the manymight nevertheless protect, respect, promote, even celebrate the singular, albeit ordinary individual. His essays, often leading to unexpected results, have focused on many interrelated topics: rights, representation, constitutionalism, war, evil, human extinction, punishment, privacy, patriotism, and more. This book focuses in particular on Kateb's thought in
more » ... hree key areas: 1 Dignity. These essays exhibit the breadth and complexity of Kateb's notion of dignity and outline some implications for political theory. Rather than a solely moral approach to the theory of human rights, he elaborates a human-dignity rationale for the very worth of individuals and the human species. 2 Morality. Here Kateb challenges the position that moral considerations are often too demanding to have a place in the rough-and-tumble of modern politics and political analysis. Rejecting common justifications for the propriety of punishment, for example, he insists that state-based punishment is a perplexing moral problem that cannot be allayed by repairing to theories of state legitimacy. 3 Individuality. These essays gather some of Kateb's rejoinders and correctives to common conceptions and customary critiques of the theory of democratic individuality. He also explains that Locke's hesitations and religious backtracking are instructive, perhaps as precursors for the ways in which vestigial beliefs can still cloud moral reasoning.
doi:10.4324/9781315747095-11 fatcat:7u2jkrbu75gwhbgufstotj4iay