HOSPITAL PREVALENCE OF HIP FRACTURE IN OLD AGE PATIENT AND ANALYSIS OF CO MORBID RISK FACTORS
Objectives: Our research aims to determine the prevalence of hip fractures presenting in King Fahad hospital and to analyze the co-morbidities that leads to delay in surgery after admission. Methods A cross-sectional study, using a specific questionnaire for data collection. Patient who aged 60 or more were included in the study. Data gathered from the patients admitted at orthopaedic department in King Fahad Hospital and follow up until the day of surgery. Statistical Packages for Social
... es for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 had been used to conduct all statistical analyses for this project. Results: A total of 177 responses had been collected from the patients, 99 (55.9%) were females and 78 (44.1%) were males. Regarding the age, 100 (56.5%) were less than 75 years and 77 (43.5%) were 75 years old or more. Majority of them had shown presence of heart disease (46.3%), other chronic diseases such as anemia stroke, bronchial asthma, osteoporosis and cardiomyopathy were shown but in relatively low percentage. Further findings of our study shows that there is a significant relationship between duration of admission and patients with diabetes (p-0.049). Conclusion: This study provides insights on the prevalence of hip fracture of older patients and its associated diseases. Among them, were diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, anemia, stroke, osteoporosis and cardiomyopathy. We also described diabetes as the likely risk factor to cause the delay of surgery for hip fractured patients. To avoid further complication, orthopaedic personnel have to take prompt care for patients with these associated co-morbidities. Keywords: Hip fractures, Osteoporosis, Diabetes.