Approximating the Spectrum of a Graph [article]

David Cohen-Steiner, Weihao Kong, Christian Sohler, Gregory Valiant
2017 arXiv   pre-print
The spectrum of a network or graph G=(V,E) with adjacency matrix A, consists of the eigenvalues of the normalized Laplacian L= I - D^-1/2 A D^-1/2. This set of eigenvalues encapsulates many aspects of the structure of the graph, including the extent to which the graph posses community structures at multiple scales. We study the problem of approximating the spectrum λ = (λ_1,...,λ_|V|), 0 <λ_1,<..., <λ_|V|< 2 of G in the regime where the graph is too large to explicitly calculate the spectrum.
more » ... present a sublinear time algorithm that, given the ability to query a random node in the graph and select a random neighbor of a given node, computes a succinct representation of an approximation λ = (λ_1,...,λ_|V|), 0 <λ_1,<..., <λ_|V|< 2 such that λ - λ_1 <ϵ |V|. Our algorithm has query complexity and running time exp(O(1/ϵ)), independent of the size of the graph, |V|. We demonstrate the practical viability of our algorithm on 15 different real-world graphs from the Stanford Large Network Dataset Collection, including social networks, academic collaboration graphs, and road networks. For the smallest of these graphs, we are able to validate the accuracy of our algorithm by explicitly calculating the true spectrum; for the larger graphs, such a calculation is computationally prohibitive. In addition we study the implications of our algorithm to property testing in the bounded degree graph model.
arXiv:1712.01725v1 fatcat:gxoc2sd7tjguxmxohys3wy4z2m