The Relation Between Diamond Tiling and Hexagonal Tiling
Parallel Processing Letters
Iterative stencil computations are important in scientific computing and more also in the embedded and mobile domain. Recent publications have shown that tiling schemes that ensure concurrent start provide efficient ways to execute these kernels. Diamond tiling and hybrid-hexagonal tiling are two tiling schemes that enable concurrent start. Both have different advantages: diamond tiling has been integrated in a general purpose optimization framework and uses a cost function to choose among
... o choose among tiling hyperplanes, whereas the greater flexibility with tile sizes for hybrid-hexagonal tiling has been exploited for effective generation of GPU code. In this paper we undertake a comparative study of these two tiling approaches and propose a hybrid approach that combines them. We analyze the effects of tile size and wavefront choices on tile-level parallelism, and formulate constraints for optimal diamond tile shapes. We then extend, for the case of two dimensions, the diamond tiling formulation into a hexagonal tiling one, which offers both the flexibility of hexagonal tiling and the generality of the original diamond tiling implementation. We also show how to compute tile sizes that maximize the compute-to-communication ratio, and apply this result to compare the best achievable ratio and the associated synchronization overhead for diamond and hexagonal tiling.