Long-term Retention of a 3-Dimensional Educational Computer Model of the Larynx

Dieter Fritz, Amanda Hu, Tim Wilson, Hanif Ladak, Peter Haase, Kevin Fung
2011 Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery  
Objectives: To determine the long-term retention of a 3-dimentional (3-D) educational computer model of the larynx to teach laryngeal anatomy and to compare it with standard written instruction (SWI). Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Setting: University education program. Participants: One hundred health care students. Interventions: For short-term assessment, 50 students were randomized to the 3-D model and 50 to SWI and were tested using a 20-question laryngeal test. Six
more » ... eal test. Six months later, the same students were invited to retake the laryngeal anatomy test to examine long-term retention. Main Outcome Measure: The score on a 20-item Web-based test that assessed the students' level of knowledge of laryngeal anatomy approximately 6 months after their initial exposure to the laryngeal anatomy teaching intervention. Results: Sixty-two students retook the test: 3-D (n=30) and SWI (n=32). No significant difference was noted in mean scores (P =.54) and change in scores (P=.59) between short-and long-term retention on the laryngeal anatomy test. There was a trend toward an increase in 3-D scores in both groups (P =.07) and a significant increase in 3-D scores in the 3-D group only (P =.049). Conclusions: A low-fidelity model (SWI) is just as effective as a high-fidelity model (3-D) in teaching laryngeal anatomy. The acquired knowledge from either educational intervention may last up to 6 months for longterm retention. This study is one of the few in medical education to examine long-term retention.
doi:10.1001/archoto.2011.76 pmid:21690512 fatcat:5zjqqht2gbcexb2rwlcuf4nska