Flow Prediction Using Remotely Sensed Soil Moisture in Irish Catchments

Chanyu Yang, Fiachra E. O'Loughlin
2020 Water  
Owing to a scarcity of in situ streamflow data in ungauged or poorly gauged basins, remote sensing data is an ideal alternative. It offers a valuable perspective into the dynamic patterns that can be difficult to examine in detail with point measurements. For hydrology, soil moisture is one of the pivotal variables which dominates the partitioning of the water and energy budgets. In this study, nine Irish catchments were used to demonstrate the feasibility of using remotely sensed soil moisture
more » ... ensed soil moisture for discharge prediction in ungagged basins. Using the conceptual hydrological model "Soil Moisture Accounting and Routing for Transport" (SMART), behavioural parameter sets (BPS) were selected using two different objective functions: the Nash Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) and Coefficient of Determination (R2) for the calibration period. Good NSE scores were obtained from hydrographs produced using the satellite soil moisture BPS. While the mean performance shows the feasibility of using remotely sensed soil moisture, some outliers result in negative NSE scores. This highlights that care needs to be taken with parameterization of hydrological models using remotely sensed soil moisture for ungauged basin.
doi:10.3390/w12082202 fatcat:3225yo6f2vbhhnqdzdtpo2ijmy