Generalization of the Einstein coefficients and rate equations under the quantum Rabi oscillation

Najirul Islam, Shyamal Biswas
2021 Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical  
We have generalized Einstein coefficients and rate equations from quantum field theoretic point of view by bringing the fundamental processes and the quantum Rabi oscillation in a single footing for the light-matter interactions for nonzero Rabi frequency. We have analytically obtained multimode Jaynes-Cummings model results for the quantum Rabi oscillations of a two-level system in a lossy resonant cavity containing (i) thermal photons and (ii) injected photons of a coherent field. We have
more » ... rmalized the coupling constant for the light-matter interactions for these cases. Our results match well with the seminal experimental data obtained in this regard by Brune et al [Phys. Rev. Lett 76, 1800 (1996)]. We also have studied the population dynamics in this regard by applying the generalized Einstein rate equations.
doi:10.1088/1751-8121/abeca9 fatcat:cxmko2ds6jfdrdyngeep44sziq