Method of increasing the objectivity of empirical research

D N Galiahmetova, O A Feoktistova, Ya A Shchenikov
2019 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
The article describes types of cognitive distortions that can affect objectivity of empirical research and empirical data obtained. A self-assessment method for evaluating the experiment objectivity is presented, which can be used to self-assess the objectivity of empirical research. The developed method uses checklists at some stages of empirical research and allows reducing the research subjectivity by minimizing cognitive distortions that may arise due to deviations in the research or
more » ... research or defects in the methods used. Cognitive distortions are errors of thinking that a person makes when processing information. They occur when a person: remembers and recalls, processes a large amount of information, quickly responds to a situation, a person doesn't have enough information (table 1) . Science community recognizes two criteria on the basis of which it distinguishes scientific knowledge from pseudoscientific:  The principle of verification proposed by Bertrand Russellonly that knowledge is scientific, which can be confirmed.  The principle of falsification, proposed by Karl Popperonly that knowledge is scientific, which can be refuted.  To counter experimental errors, you can also use a number of methodological techniques:  The "placebo" method, which allows you to overcome the observer-expectancy effect.  The field experiment is an experiment that is conducted under usual conditions of research object existence with minimal intervention by an experimenter in these conditions. The disadvantage of this method is uncontrolled factors that influence the result.  The use of statistical methods for replicate observations. Self-assessment of researcher's objectivity in conducting empirical experiments As mentioned earlier, the cause of experimental errors can be not only a chosen evaluation procedure, but also "cognitive distortions" -common, subconscious, thinking errors that we all systematically make. Such errors are inherent in most people and predictable. The following is a method to increase the objectivity of experimental results, which helps to take into account the maximum number of known cognitive distortions that affect result of an experiment at all stages of empirical research lifecycle.
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1399/2/022045 fatcat:xqhbngi6jncv5k2j65232s6m2a