Capacitive-Loaded Interstitial Antennas for Perfect Matching and Desirable SAR Distributions
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
New interstitial antennas are proposed. They basically consist of coaxial cable and two types of capacitive loads. One is tipped at the end of antennas, which helps almost perfect matching possible. The others are located in the middle and needed for better specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution. To distinguish them, one at the end is called the end-capacitive load (ECL) and the others in the middle the middle-capacitive loads (MCLs). Depending on the number of the MCLs, ZMIA (zero MCL
... ZMIA (zero MCL interstitial antenna), OMIA (one MCL interstitial antenna) and two MCL interstitial antenna (TMIA) are named and a matching technique based on transmission line theory is suggested. To verify the technique, the three antennas immersed in muscle phantom are designed, fabricated, measured and compared. The measured reflection coefficients of ZMIA, OMIA, and TMIA are 28.4, 21.9, and 22.8 dB, respectively, one of which, 28.4 dB may be considered as the best among those reported. The compared results show that the measured ones are in good agreement with the calculated (predicted) ones. The three antennas are also measured for the SAR distributions. The measured results indicate that the TMIA has the best performance as expected and the region more than 43 C is a rugby ball (major axis 6 cm and minor axis 2.9 cm) with only one TMIA, which confirms that they may be used for the treatment for big-sized and deep-seated tumor or cancer. Index Terms-Antennas matching technique and SAR distributions, hyperthermia, new types of interstitial antennas, OMIA and TMIA, transmission line equivalent circuit of the interstitial antennas, ZMIA.