In situtime response measurement of the microspheres dispersed in electrorheological fluids

Weijia Wen, D. W. Zheng, K. N. Tu
1998 Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics  
The aggregations of different kinds of microspheres suspended in electrorheological fluids have been observed in situ upon application of time-regulated electric field. It is found that both the initial response time and the chain's formation time depend on the conductivity of the microspheres. Water free, watered, and metalcoated glass microspheres together with SrTiO 3 and Cu microspheres were studied. Among them, the waterfree glass particle shows the longest initial response ͑chain
more » ... nse ͑chain formation͒ time of 16.7 ms ͑117.6 ms͒ under an electric pulse strength V pϪp of 2.6 kV, while the metal-coated microsphere has the shortest initial response ͑chain formation͒ time of 0.5 ms ͑25.4 ms͒. The overall trend is that the higher the microsphere's conductivity, the shorter the response time and the stronger the particles' interaction under the same external electric field. Moreover, it is found that the aggregation of the microspheres becomes faster if the applied field strength is increased.
doi:10.1103/physreve.57.4516 fatcat:cfkvyo7mybaf5fe2bgrlukpb4a