Overexpression of the Serotonin 5-HT2B Receptor in Heart Leads to Abnormal Mitochondrial Function and Cardiac Hypertrophy

C. G. Nebigil
2003 Circulation  
Background-Identification of factors regulating myocardial structure and function is important to understand the pathogenesis of heart disease. We previously reported that 5-HT 2B receptor ablation in mice leads to dilated cardiomyopathy. In this study, we investigated the pathological consequence of overexpressing 5-HT 2B receptors in heart in vivo. Methods and Results-We have generated transgenic mice overexpressing the Gq-coupled 5-HT 2B receptor specifically in heart. We found that
more » ... ssion of 5-HT 2B receptor in heart leads to ventricular hypertrophy as the result of increased cell number and size. Increased atrial natriuretic peptide and myosin heavy chain expression demonstrated activation of the molecular program for cardiac hypertrophy. Echocardiographic analysis indicated the presence of thickened ventricular free wall without alteration of the systolic function, showing that transgenic mice have compensated hypertrophy. Electron microscopic analysis revealed structural abnormalities including mitochondrial proliferation, as also manifested by histological staining. Transgenic mouse heart displayed a specific reduction in the expression levels of the adenine nucleotide translocator associated to increase in the succinate dehydrogenase and cytochrome C oxidase mitochondrial activities. Conclusions-Our results constitute the first genetic evidence that overexpression of the 5-HT 2B receptor in the heart leads to compensated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy associated with proliferation of the mitochondria. This observation suggests a role for mitochondria in the hypertrophic signaling that is regulated by serotonin. These transgenic mice provide a new genetic model for hypertrophic heart disease. (Circulation. 2003;107:3223-3229.)
doi:10.1161/01.cir.0000074224.57016.01 pmid:12810613 fatcat:dhyraenferf5pe7sr7t224ck4u